Collaborative Authorship as Negotiation
The pies de resistance of collaborative authorship in the online world today is, of course, Wikipedia. As would be expected, the behemoth is perhaps the best source of examples that decry the pitfalls of collaborative authorship; viscious edit-wars, discussion and talk pages that could make one ashamed to be a [fill in the blank; Cyprenian...democrat...MC Hammer fan], and plenty of just plain bad writing [though, truth be told, I spent 20 minutes looking for an example to link here and, well, failed to find one. Feel free to help me fill in this rather egregious omission]. On the other hand, Wikipedia also provides compelling examples of all the touted benefits of collaborative authorship; the challenged assumptions and resultant mind-broadening preserved forever in the edit logs, the synergistic effect on the writing itself [all articles are arguably better than they were on first up-load,] and as Jon Murray observed during his ground-breaking Murder, Madness and Mayhem project, argumentation, communication and interpersonal skills necessary to negotiate with the public sphere in this manner.
Collaborative authorship is truly a negotiation process; a complex and elegant one at that. As in any business or personal negotiation:
- Coming in unprepared is the surest way to guarantee unsatisfactory results.
- Understanding the interests and priorities of the other side is almost as important as understanding your own.
- Interests are more important than positions; every interest could be satisfied by multiple different positions.
- The pie is seldom really fixed. Shared or complimentary interests can create a bargaining zone even where there isn't one.
- Playing hardball is usually both painful and ineffective. Escalation and emotions usually just back you into a corner.
- Making proposals and asking for proposals moves negotiations forward. Not arguing over positions.
- Developing your BATNA gives you power.
- Concessions are the exchange currency of negotiation; they can and should be used to communicate.
- A refusal to share information limits your potential for influence.
- A little humility goes a long way: asking for specific advice can turn an adversary into an idea [and therefore compromise] generating partner.
As in so many other cases ["underground" scientific reasoning in video game strategy, for example] it seems that in order to maximize the benefit of these natural processes, and make them more likely to be generalized/transferred to other potential real-world applications, the connections need to be made explicit. Students with fluency in a language that allowed them to strategize, practical experience applying those strategies and frameworks for analyzing the results of these "negotiations" would be well-prepared indeed for some of the most trying and potentially rewarding "collaborative authorship" experiences of life.